The testes, also known as testicles, are part of the male reproductive system. They are located in the scrotum, a sac of skin located below the penis. The testes produce and store sperm and produce hormones, such as testosterone, that are responsible for the development and maintenance of male sexual characteristics.
Common conditions that can affect the testes include:
Testicular torsion: This is a condition where the testis twists within the scrotum, cutting off its blood supply. This can cause severe pain and swelling and requires emergency medical treatment.
Epididymitis/orchitis: This is a condition where the epididymis, a small tube located behind the testes, becomes inflamed, causing pain and swelling. This may also involve the testes. Epididymitis/orchitis can be related to infections, trauma, and chemical irritation.
Testicular cancer: This is a type of cancer that originates in the testes. It is relatively rare but can be life-threatening if not diagnosed and treated early.
Varicocoele: This is a condition where the veins in the scrotum become enlarged, causing pain and swelling. Varicocoele is a common cause of infertility, although not all varicocoeles cause this.
Hydrocoele: This is a condition where fluid accumulates around the testes, causing swelling and discomfort.
It is important to perform regular self-examinations of the testes to detect any abnormalities early. If you notice any lumps, swelling, or changes in the size or shape of your testes, it is important to speak with your GP urgently. Mr. Sewell can arrange urgent appointments for patients with new testicular lumps. Please contact reception for an urgent appointment.